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The Murray Clan has had a huge influence on both Irish and international history with many famous figures of the Murray name down through the centuries. Check out our list (abridged from Wikipedia) of the most significant of Murrays from the worlds of politics, sport, the arts, military, science and much more.

 

Sir Andrew Murray (1298–1338), also known as Sir Andrew Moray or Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell, was a Scottish military leader who commanded resistance forces loyal to David II of Scotland against Edward Balliol and Edward III of England during the Second War of Scottish Independence. He was twice chosen as Guardian of Scotland, from 1332 to 1333, and again from 1335 until his death in 1338.


Murray was the son of Andrew Moray, William Wallace's companion-in-arms, who died at the Battle of Stirling Bridge shortly before Murray's birth. Murray acceded his father to the lordship of Bothwell in Lanarkshire. He was married to the Lady Christina Bruce, sister of Robert I of Scotland.


In 1335 he won an important victory against the supporters of Edward Balliol at the Battle of Culblean.


From 1335 to 1338, Murray led Scottish raids against the English strongholds in southern Scotland. Murray's resistance campaign systematically destroyed all English fortresses along the Scotland-England frontier. The success of the Scottish resistance coupled with the increasing build-up for the war between France and England forced Edward Balliol and Edward III to withdraw their armies from Scotland.

Murray died in 1338 at his Avoch Castle and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey.

Alexander Murray (1755–1821) Famous Murray: Alexander Murray, US Navy hero
Commodore[Note 1] Alexander Murray (July 12, 1755 – October 6, 1821) was an officer who served in the Continental Navy, the Continental Army, and later the United States Navy, during the American Revolutionary War, the Quasi-War with France and the First Barbary War in North Africa.


Alexander Hunter Murray (1818 or 1819 – 20 April 1874) was a Hudson's Bay Company fur trader and artist.
In 1847, he established the trading post at Fort Yukon at the juncture of the Yukon and Porcupine rivers in the land of the Gwichʼin people. While the post was actually in Russian Alaska, the Hudson's Bay Company continued to trade there until expelled by the US government in 1869, following the Alaska Purchase.
He drew numerous sketches of fur trade posts and of people and wrote Journal of the Yukon, 1847–48, which give valuable insight into the culture of local First Nation people at the time.




William James "Bill" Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an American actor and comedian. He first gained national exposure on Saturday Night Live in which he earned an Emmy Award and later went on to star in a number of critically and commercially successful comedic films, including Caddyshack (1980), Ghostbusters (1984), and Groundhog Day (1993). Murray gained additional critical acclaim later in his career, starring in Lost in Translation (2003), that earned him an Academy Award for Best Actor nomination, and a series of films directed by Wes Anderson, including Rushmore (1998), The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) and The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004).
Famous Murray Clan: Hollywood Actor Bill Murray

Magnus Miller Murray (February 22, 1787 – March 4, 1838), served as the Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1828 to 1830 and again from 1831 to 1832.


Sir Terence Aubrey Murray (10 May 1810 – 22 June 1873) was an Australian pastoralist, parliamentarian and knight of the realm of Irish birth. He had the double distinction of being, at separate times, both the Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and the President of the New South Wales Legislative Council. From 1837 to 1859 he owned the Yarralumla estate, which now serves as the official Canberra residence of the Governor-General of Australia.


Andrew "Andy" Murray (born 15 May 1987) is a Scottish professional tennis player, ranked No. 4 in the world,[3] and was ranked No. 2 from 17 to 31 August 2009.[4] Murray achieved a top-10 ranking by the Association of Tennis Professionals for the first time on 16 April 2007. He has been runner-up in three Grand Slam finals: the 2008 US Open, the 2010 Australian Open and the 2011 Australian Open, losing the first two to Roger Federer and the third to Novak Djokovic. In 2011, Murray became only the seventh player in the Open Era to reach the semi-finals of all four Grand Slam tournaments in one year.

Famous Murray: Tennis Player, Andy Murray
Edmund P. Murray (July 1930 – October 2007) is an American novelist and journalist. His novels include The Passion Play, Kulubi, My Bridge To America, and The Peregrine Spy.
Edmund Murray was a media adviser to the Iranian military during the Islamic Revolution (1978–79) when the Shah fell and Ayatollah Khomeini came to power. [1] He has worked as a journalist and a contract CIA agent in this country and many parts of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. Mr. Murray's short story "His Cuban Situation" published in the literary magazine Contact, won the William Carlos Williams Award.

Prof. Gordon Murray[1] (born 1946 in Durban, South Africa), is a renowned designer of Formula One race cars and the McLaren F1 road car.

Famous Murray: "Harry" Murray, Australian War Hero

Henry William "Harry" Murray VC, CMG, DSO & Bar, DCM (1 December 1880 – 7 January 1966) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces. Decorated several times throughout his service in the First World War, Murray rose from the rank of private to lieutenant colonel in three-and-a-half years. He is often described as the most highly decorated infantry soldier of the British Empire during the First World War.[2]

Henry Alexander Murray (May 13, 1893 – June 23, 1988) was an American psychologist who taught for over 30 years at Harvard University. He was Director of the Harvard Psychological Clinic in the School of Arts and Sciences after 1930 and collaborated with Stanley Cobb, Bullard Professor of Neuropathology at the Medical School, to introduce psychoanalysis into the Harvard curriculum but to keep those who taught it away from the decision-making apparatus in Vienna. He and Cobb set the stage for the founding of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society after 1931, but both were excluded from membership on political grounds. While personality theory in psychology was becoming dominated by the statistics of trait theory, Murray developed a theory of personality called Personology, based on "need" and "press". Patterned after the Henderson-Hasselbach equation upon which the measurement of the different constituents of blood plasma are measured all at the same time, Personology was a holistic approach that studied the person at many levels of complexity all at the same time by an interdisciplinary team of investigators. Murray was also a co-developer of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) with Christiana Morgan, which he always fondly referred to as "the second best-seller that Harvard ever published, second only to the Harvard Handbook of Music."


Lionel Murray, Baron Murray of Epping Forest, OBE PC, known as Len Murray (2 August 1922 – 20 May 2004) was a British Labour politician and union leader.
He was a Trades Union Congress (TUC) employee from 1947 where he joined as an assistant in the Economics Dept, and seven years later he became head of the department. He became assistant general secretary in 1969. He was made General Secretary (leader) of the Trades Union Congress in 1973, and led the group during the time of the Winter of Discontent, and of confrontations with Margaret Thatcher's government.

Robert Lindley Murray (November 3, 1892 - January 17, 1970) was an American male tennis player.
Murray was born on November 3 in San Francisco, California, U.S. and died on January 17 in Lewiston Heights, New York.
U.S. championships
•    Singles champion: 1917, 1918


Margaret Alice Murray (13 July 1863 - 13 November 1963) was a prominent British Egyptologist and anthropologist. Famous Murray: Margaret Murray, famous anthropologist

Primarily known for her work in Egyptology, which was "the core of her academic career,"[2] she is also known for her propagation of the Witch-cult hypothesis, the theory that the witch trials in the Early Modern period of Christianized Europe and North America were an attempt to extinguish a surviving pre-Christian, pagan religion devoted to a Horned God. Whilst this theory is today widely disputed and discredited by historians like Norman Cohn, Keith Thomas and Ronald Hutton, it has had a significant effect in the origins of Neopagan religions, primarily Wicca, a faith she supported.

Her work in Egyptology took place largely alongside her mentor and friend, the archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie, whom she worked alongside at University College London. One of the earliest women to "make a serious impact upon the world of professional scholarship," she was also an ardent feminist, being actively involved in the Suffragette movement.[2] From 1953 to 1955, she was the president of the Folklore Society, although since her death various members of the society have attempted to dissociate the organisation from her and the Murrayite theory of the Witch-Cult.[3]

Donald Morrison Murray (1924 – December 30, 2006) was a Pulitzer prize-winning journalist and long-time teacher (eventually Professor Emeritus of English at the University of New Hampshire).[1] He wrote for many journals, authored several books on the art of writing and teaching, and served as writing coach for several national newspapers. After writing multiple editorials about changes in American military policy for the Boston Herald, he won the 1954 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing.[2] For twenty years, he wrote the Boston Globe's "Over 60" column, eventually renamed "Now And Then".[1] He taught at the University of New Hampshire for twenty-six years.[3]


Francis Joseph Murray (February 3, 1911 – March 15, 1996) was a mathematician, known for his foundational work (with John von Neumann) on functional analysis, and what subsequently became known as von Neumann algebras. He received his PhD from Columbia University in 1936. He taught at Duke University.
In 1967 he was awarded the Outstanding Civilian Service Medal by the U. S. Army.